Estaury Facts​​​​​​Welcome to the Estaury Facts page By: Kyle B. and Tommy C.

Kingdom Monera (Monerans): Monera or Monerans are single celled organisms that have no nucleus.

Scientific Name: Calothrix cyanobacteria
Shape: Jelly-like mass
Location: Intertidal rocks on the coast of estuaries
Calothrix cynobacteria that lives on intertidal rocks
Calothrix cynobacteria that lives on intertidal rocks

Scientific Name: Lyngbya lutescens
Shape: Bacilli
Location: Top of rocks

Lyngbya cyanobacteria that lives on the tops of rocks

Protista or Protists
Kingdom Protists (Protista): Protista or Protists are single celled organisms with a nucleus.

Kyle's Algae:

Scientific Name: Oscillatoria brevis
Common Name: Japanese Freshwater Algae
Where they live: Japan's freshwater bodies of water

Definition of Algae: Algae is an organism that can be either single celled or multicellular.
Algae fun fact: Algae were once considered to be plants but are now classified separately because they don't have true roots, stems, or leaves.
Oscillatoria brevis Japanese Freshwater Algae

Tommy's Protozoan Name: Ichthyophthirius multifiliis. Location: On the eyes and skin of fish. Definition of Protozoan:"Animal-like" it doesn't have cell walls or chlorophyllexternal image img0006.jpg


Definition: Fungi are multi-celled organisms with a nucleus

Kyle's Fungi

Definition: A phylum known for being cup shaped

Scientific Name: Usnea barbata

Common Name: Apple Lichen

Kingdom: Fungi

Phylum: Ascomycota

Order: Lecanorales

Family: Parmeliaceae

Genus: Usnea

Species: barbata

Where it lives: Coastal waters of estauries

(Estuary) Apple Lichen

Definition: Known for having a thread-like structure

Scientific Name: Mucor ramosissimus

Common Name: Mold Fungi

Kingdom: Fungi

Phylum: Zygomycota
Order: Mucorales
Family: Mucor
Genus: Mucor
Species: ramosissimus
Where it lives: Found on dead decaying matter in estuaries

Mold Fungi (Mucor ramosissimus)

Tommy's Fungi


Definition: the basidiomycetes considered as belonging to the phylum Basidiomycota of the kingdom Fungi.

Kingdom: Fungi

Phylum: Basidiomycota

Class: Basidiomycetes

Order: Aqaricales

Family: Omphalotaceae

Genus: Omphalotus

Species: nidiformis

Common Name: Jack 'o Lantern Mushroom

Location: On the trunk of Trees by water

external image 0002.jpg


Definition: The only fungus that reproduces and that contains examples of plants and animals

Kingdom: Fungi

Phylum: Chytridiomycota



Family: Synchytriaceae



Location: On seaplants

external image SYNCEN_02.jpg

Estuary Plants

Definition: Multi-celled, has a cell wall, has chlorophyll

Kyle's Plants


Definition: within the Kingdom Plantae. Pinophytes are gymnosperms. They are cone-bearing seed plants with vascular tissue.

Kingdom: Plantae
American White Spruce Tree

Phylum: Tracheophyta

Class: Pinopsida

Order: Pinales

Family: Pinaceae

Genus: Picea

Species: Glauca

Common Name: American White Spruce

Where it lives: In cold climates

Rhizophora apiculata


Definition:A phylum within the plant kingdom comprising plants with a vascular system that bear flowers during at least some stage of their life cycle.trM_red_mangrove091.jpg

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Family: Rhizophoraceae

Genus: Rhizophora

Species: apiculata

Common Name: Mangroves

Where it lives: Off the coast of estuaries


Definition: A Division of the kingdom plantae it contains two families, Psilotaceae and Ophioglossaceae, placed in orders Psilotales and Ophioglossales, respectively. The affinities of these two groups have long been unclear and a close relationship between them has only recently been confirmed.

Phylum: Tracheophyta

Class: Psilotopsida psilotum.jpg
Order: Psilotales
Family: Psilotaceae

Genus: Psilotum

Species: nudum

Common Name: Skeleton Fork Fern

Where it lives: Riverbanks


Definition: comprising seed plants that produce an embryo with a single cotyledon and parallel-veined leaves: includes grasses and lilies and palms and orchids comprising seed plants that produce an embryo with a single cotyledon and parallel-veined leaves: includes grasses and lilies and palms and orchids.
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Poales
Family: Eriocaulaceae
Genus: Eriocaulon
Species: parkeri
Common Name: Parker's Pipewort
Where it lives: In marshes and on banks



Definition: the class of plants comprising the true mosses, having leafy rather than thalloid gametophytes; it comprises the orders Andreaeales; Bryales; Dicranales; Eubryales; and Sphagnales.
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Bryophyta
Class: Bryopsida
Order: Bryales
Family: Bryaceae
Genus: Bryum
Species: warmeum
Common Name: Bryum moss
Where it Lives: Along the coasts of Estuaries


Definition: A class of the division Equisetophyta whose members made up a major part of the flora, especially in moist or swampy places, during the Carboniferous Period.

Kingdom: Plantae


Class: Equisetopsida

Order: Equistales

Family: Equisetaceae

Genus: Equistum Species: fluviatile Common Name: Water horsetail

Where it lives: ponds, and marshes at an altitude of 0 to 1,840 meters

Tommy's plants

Genus and species: Thelypteris decursive-pinnata

Common name: Japanese Beech FernKorean-Rock-Fern.jpg

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Tracheophyta

Class: Polypodiopsida

Order: Polydoiales

Family: Thelypteridaceae

Genus: Thelypteris

species: decursive-pinnata Name: Cyas circinalis

Palm-leaved Cyas

Kingdom: Plantae

Phylum: Tracheophyta

Class: Cycadopsida

Order Cycadales


Genus: Cycas species: circinalis

Definition: Any of a kingdom Animalia of living things including many-celled organisms and most often single-celled ones lacking chlorophyll and can not do photosynthesis. Therefore it must hunt for it's food.

Kyle's Plants:

A Boring Sponge
Invertibrate Cliona celata

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Porifera

Class: Demospongiae

Order: Hadromerida

Family: Clionaidae

Genus: Cliona

Species: celata

Common Name: Boring Sponge

Where it lives: Intertidal areas of estauries

Definition of phylum: Have Jelly like bodies

Vertibrate: Anas platyrhynchos

Kingdom: Animalia100692-004-81436BFA.jpg

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Aves

Order: Anseriformes

Subfamily: Anatinae

Genus: Anas

Species: platyrhynchos

Common Name: Green Headed Duck

Where it lives: Freshwater wetlands

Definition of phylum: known for having hollow dorsal nerve cord, pharyngeal slits, an endostyle, and a post-anal tail.

Invertibrate: Scylla serrata
Kingdom: Animalia
Pyhlum:​ Arthropods
Class: Malacostracaexternal image MudCrabScylla_serrata.jpg&usg=AFQjCNHx2KU63Jt7Rh59uCptIm5vKtenpw
Order: Decapoda
Family: Portunoidea
Genus: Scylla
Species: serrata
Common Name: common mud crab
Where it lives: Off the coasts of estuaries mostly in the Cheaspeake Bay estuary.
Definition of Phylum: Any of numerous invertebrate animals of the phylum Arthropoda, including the insects, crustaceans, arachnids, and myriapods, that are characterized by a chitinous exoskeleton and a segmented body to which jointed appendages are articulated in pairs.

Invertibrate: Anthopleura xanthogrammica
Kingdom: Animal
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoaexternal image giantgreenanemone.jpg&usg=AFQjCNGBrofkWEPeYhvYeodVdjpmQl7MWA
Order: Actiniaria
Family: Actiniidae
Genus: Anthopleura
Species: xanthogrammica
Common name: Green Sea Anemone
Where it's found: In the low tide of anb any estuary.

Vertibrate: Careetta caretta

Kingdom- Animalia

Phylum- Chordata

Class- Reptilia

Order- Testudinesexternal image sea-turtle-1.jpg&usg=AFQjCNFpn5H830YZijJzphLiM27QvgS97A

Family- Cheloniidae Genus- Caretta

Species- caretta

Common Name: Sea turtle

Where it lives: in deep estuary waters

Defintion of Phylum: are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. They are united by having, at some time in their life cycle, a notochord, a hollow dorsal nerve cord, pharyngeal slits, an endostyle, and a post-anal tail.

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Aves

Order: Ciconiiformesexternal image osprey1.jpg&usg=AFQjCNFzgofcHPSZTA73OjvqjlpULpWzCQ

Family: Pandionidae

Genus: Pandion

Species: Pandion haliaetus

Common Name: Osprey

Where it lives: Commonly found hovering over the Great Bay Estuary

Definition of phylum or class: Birds, a class of bipedal warm-blooded vertebrates having the body clothed in feathers and front limbs modified as wings. They lay eggs, and most can fly.


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