Lexi and Sophia's Facts Page




Monerans- single celled organisms with no nucleus







Sphingomonas cloacae
Bacilli (rod-shaped)
Location: found in contaminated water






Sphingomonas_cloacae.jpg
Sphingomonas cloacae





Black Band Disease
Scientific name:
Phormidium corallyticum
Shape: circular
Location: Grand Cayman Cayman Islands, Caribbean. In the reef, the disease it is killing the brain coral head.
Description: Black band disease has a bacteria in it call Phormidium corallyticum.




blackbandM.jpg
The black band is the disease part. It's on the brain coral head.







Protist
Protists have a nucleus and can be single or multi-celled


Algea: Organisms ranging in size that can be single-celled or multi-celled. Mostly found in the water and make their food through photosynthesis. Algae are different from plants in that they have no true leaves, roots, or stems. Also has a cell wall and chlorophyll.


Agardhiella tenera (red algae)
found around the world from polar to tropical waters






porphyra.gif
This is red algae. It is found in polar to tropical waters.




Protozoan: Usually single-celled organisms


Ciliate:

Scientific name: Paramecium multimicronucleatum
Location: you can find it in around the Arctic Ocean. Near the top of the ocean.


APSF_08_4_image_01_thumb.jpg











Fungi
fungi is multi-celled, with no chlorophyll, and absorb nutrients
Definitions
Ascomycota- "cup-shaped"
Zygomycetes- Thread-like and have spores at the end of the filament
Basidiomycota- A phylum that has club closly packed filaments

Chadefaudia corallinarum
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Ascomycetes
Order: Halosphaeriales
Family: Halospheriaceae
Genus: Chadefaudia
species: corallinarum

Location: lives in tropical marine waters. Near the top of the ocean.








Absidia spinosa
Kingdom:
Fungi
Phylum: Zygomycota
Class: Zygomycetes
Order: Mucorales
Family: Mucoraceae
Genus: Absidia
species: spinosa

Location: near the top of the ocean, in the Taiwan

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Mycaureola dilseae

Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Basidiomycetes
Order: unknown
Family: Phyllachoraceae
Genus: Mycaureola
species: dilseae

Common name: None
It grows on red algae found in the coral reef.




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Mycaureola dilseae






Aspergillus sydowii
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Eurotiomycetes
Order: Eurotiales
Family: Trichocomaceae
Genus: Aspargillus
species: sydowii

Common name: Aspergillus-disease
It is found on soft coral and six species of sea fans and sea whips. They're found all across the Caribbean.




lexi_coral_fungi.jpg
Aspergillus sydowii









Plants
Plants are multi-celled, have a cell wall, and contain chlorophyll.





Phyllospadix torreyi
Magnoiophyta-Flowering plants; vascular seed plants

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Alismatales
Family: Zosteraceae
Genus: Phyllospadix
species: torreyi

Common name: Surfgrass
Location: Surfgrass is found in shallow tropical water.


surfgrass.jpg
Surfgrass


Acacia leptocarpa
Magnoliophta: Flowering plants; Vascular seed plants

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Acacia
species: leptocarpa

Common name: None
Location: It is found in coral reefs, and other waters that surround Australia.


leptocarpa.jpg
Acacia leptocarpa



Cymopolia barbata
Chlorophyta-a diverse plant division consisting of green algae and chloroplasts.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Chlorophyta
Class: Ulvophyceae
Order: Dasycladales
Family: Dasycladaceae
Genus: Cymopolia
species: barbata

Common name: None
Location: It is found in shallow saltwater and the end of it's stems are covered with a chemical that is use to make a coral skeleton.



cymopolia.jpg
Cymopolia barbata






Myxochrysis paradoxa

Bacillariophyta- Phylum of diatoms, also called golden-brown algae. Diatoms have an outer covering made of silica.

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Bacillariophyta
Class: Bacillariophyceae
Order: Not assigned
Family: Noctuoidea
Genus:
Myxochrysis
species:
paradoxa

Common name: None
Location: Brown algae recently found in Great Barrier Reef.



golden_algae.jpeg
Myxochrysis paradoxa






Dictyocoryne truncatum
Chromista- They include all algae whose chloroplasts contain chlorophylls.

Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum:
Sarcodina
Class:
Actinopoda
Order: Spumellaria
Family: Spongodiscidae
Genus: Dictyocoryne
species: truncatum

Common name: None
Location: It is found in coral reefs, Owen Basin, Arabian Sea, and N.W. Indian Ocean. It is a coral.





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Allenrolfea occidentalis
Magnoliophyta: Flowering Plants; vascular seed plants


Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Genus: Allenrolfea
species: occidentalis

Common name: Pickleweed
Location: Pickleweed is found in very salty, water environments.



pickleweed.jpg
Pickleweed







common name: Turtle Grass

scientific name: Thalassi testudinum


Definition of Liliopsida: seeding plant, parallel-veined leaves, includes grasses and lillies
and palms and orchids

location: on the ocean floor in coral sand or dead reefs. Definition of Liliopsida:

Kingdom: Planteu

Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Hydrocharitales
Family: Hydrocharitaceae
Genus:ThalassiaSpecies:testudinum


turtlegrassfield.jpg
turtle grass field


:





Acanthophora spicifera:


location: on reef flats in tropical and subtropical waters

Definition of Rhodophyta: lower plants, mostly marine
common name: unknown

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order: Ceramiales
Family:Rhodomelaceae
Genus:
Acanthophora
Species:
spicifera





acantho.jpg






Neomeris annulata

common name: unknown
location: on coral reefs
Definition of Cholophyta:

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Cholophyta
Class: Cholophyina
Order: Dasycladales
Family: Dasycladaceae
Genus: Neomeris
Species: annulata


clownhostinginalgae.jpg
Some Clown fish live here.








Mastocarpus stellatus

common name: Carrageen Moss
Location: On rock or shallow waters.
Definition of Rhodophyta: lower plant, mostly marine

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order: Gigarlinales
Family: Phraloidea
Genus: mastocarpus
Species: stellatus



Odontella regia

Location: in waters depths from 0 to 4500 meters
Definition of Chromista: a kingdom, consisting of brown, golden algae and diatoms ect.
common name: unknown

Kingdom: Chromista
Phylum: Ochrophyta
Class: Coscinodiscophyceae
Order: Triceratiales
Family: Triceratiaceae
Genus: Odontella
Species: regia




Thalassiosira pseudonana

common name: marine diatoms
Location: in the oceans
Definition of Chromalveolata:




Kingdom: Chromalveolata Phylum: Heterokontophyta Class: Coscinodiscophyta Order: Thalassiosirales Family: Thalassiosiraceae Genus: Thalassiosira Species: pseudonana




Animals


Multicelled and digests food in body




Invertebrates

Sponges:


Sea Squirt
scientific name: Didemnum molle
location: near coral reefs

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Ascidiacea
Order: Aplousobranchia
Family: Didemnidea
Genus: Didemnum
Species: molle


Lion%20Nudibranch.jpg

Flat Worms:

Christmas Tree Worm

Scientific name: Spirobranchus giganteus

Location: in coral reefs and in tropicals waters world wide.

Definiton: Any variouse worm or wormlike animals of the plylum Annelida.

Kingdom: Animalia
Plylum: Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order: Canalipalpata
Family: serpulidae
Genus: Spirobranchus
Species: giganteus


spirobranchus-giganteus.jpg



Mollusks

Lion Nudibranch
Scientific name: Melibe leonina
Location: in marine waters in sea grasses and around coral reefs
Definition: a marine invertebrates of the plylum Mollusca, commonly have a soft body

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order: Nudibranchia
Family: Apoidea
Genus: Melibe
Species: Leonina



melibe1.jpg





Vertebrates


Marine Reptiles

Olive ridley turtle

scientific name: Lepidochelys olivacea
location: around coral reefs
defnition: cold blooded egg laying vertebrates with scales.

Kingdom: Animalia
Plylum: chordata
Class: Reptila
Order: Testudines
Family: Cheloniidae
Genus: Lepidochelys
Species: olivaea



OliveRidleyTurtle.jpg





White Tip Reef Shark (Triaenodon obesus)

location: marine tropical waters, near coral reefs and shallow clear waters

definition:

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chodrichthyes
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Family: Carcharhindae
Genus: Triaenodon
Species: obesus

Triaenodon-obesus4.jpg






Giant grouper (Epinephelus lanceolatus) location: found in coral reefs, the biggest bony fish in the world in coral reefs. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Order: Perciformes Family: serranidae Genus: Epinephelus Species: lanceolatus fish.jpg Lexi's Invertibrates: Panulirus argus Common name: Spiny Lobster Location: Found in all Caribbean waters. Anthropoda-invertibrates with multiple body segments, jointed appendages, and exoskeletons. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Anthropoda Class: Malacost Order: Decapoda Family: Palinuroidea Genus: Panulirus species: argus
spiny_lobster.jpg
Spiny Lobster



Asterias rubens

Common name: Starfish
Location: Found at waters edge and in shallow waters.
Echinodermata-invertibrates that live in salt water with spiny skeletons, arms, and can regenerate.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Stelleroidea
Order: Forcipulatida
Family: Asteriidae
Genus: Asterias
species: rubans

a_starfish.jpg
Starfish





Aurelia aurita
Common name: Moon Jellyfish
Location: Found in tropical waters, some cold waters, and often near the shore.
Cnidaria-invertibrates that live in water, and have one opening for food and waste. Also has to cell layers seperated by a jelly-like substance.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Scyphozoa
Order: Semaeostomeae
Family: Ulmaridae
Genus: Aurelia
species: aurita

a_images.jpg
Moon Jellyfish








Lexi's Vertibrates:



Stenella frontalis
Common name: Atlantic Spotted Dolphin
Location: Found in the Atlantic Ocean and by coral reef in that ocean. Also in tropical waters.
Mammalia-vertibrates with an advanced nervous system and brain. Also has lungs, they feed young with milk, most give birth to live young, they live in almost every habitat, and are endotherms.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Cete
Family: Delphinidae
Genus: Stenella
species: frontalis

a_Spotteddolphin1.jpg
Atlantic Spotted Dolphin


Caretta caretta
Common name: Loggerhead Sea Turtle
Location: Often found in open waters but occasionally drifts to coral reefs.
Reptilia-vertibrates with two pair of legs, lungs and are covered with scales. Also they lay eggs and are ectotherms.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Family: Cheloniidae
Genus: Caretta
Species: caretta

a_sea_turtle.jpg
Loggerhead Sea Turtle



Canthigaster coronata
Common name: Crowned Pufferfish
Location: swim on seaward side of coral reef.
Chordata-have a notochord (dorsal nerve cord)

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopteryqii
Order: Tetraodontiformes
Family: Tetraodontidae
Genus: Canthigaster
species: coronata

a_crowned_puffer_fish.jpg
Crowned Pufferfish











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